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Student Behaviour and Social Skills

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The following two lesson plans fulfil the criteria mentioned in the teaching practice standard.
 
The Members of Ontario College of Teachers  
-establish maintain standards for student behaviour
-develop student activities to promote social and group responsibilities
-use classroom management skills to enhance learning
 
To maintain the standards of the student behaviour, a teacher must establish classroom rules. The content or subject matter can only be meaningful and useful to the students if the students follow the rules and are able to follow instructions. Teacher must establish the rules in the beginning of the year and should post it in the classroom at an appropriate place. While making the classroom rules, the students should be involved so that they can understand how these rules are going to help them.
 
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Lesson Plan -1 (Classroom rules)
 

Grade Level: Junior Learner

Time: One Hour

Objective: To have students make their own classroom rules and establish appropriate consequences on not obeying the rules.

Expectation: By the end of the lesson the students know what the classroom rules are, why are they important, and what cosequences will they face if the rules are not obeyed.

Structure: Small Groups, Whole class

Materials: Chart Paper, Markers etc.

Method:

1.Students are divided into two groups. The students are asked a question as an introduction to the lesson.

a) Why do you think rules are important?

b) What do you think may happen if there are no set rules in the class?

2.) Each group is given 15 minutes time to get ready for a skit that they would present. One of the groups shows how will the class be if there are no set rules in the class and the other group enacts how would the class discipline be if the class follows rules. Each skit shouldn't take more than 10 minutes of time.

3) Rules not yet been set in the class, the students are asked to be at their best behaviour and they have to follow the school rules always which they are already familiar with.

4) After the skit, the students are asked as a whole group what did they observe in the first skit and what were the rules they think were broken that were shown in the skit and what were the rules followed that were shown in the second skit?

5) Every time a rule comes up, the teacher writes it on the chart paper.

6) More rules are added to the list as students are asked to come up with more rules which they think will help them reach success this year.

7) Appropriate consequences are discussed after the rules are set. Consequences can be established by the teacher also.

eg. If a rule is broken for the first time a red card will be issued to the student. The second time the student has to fill up a form identifying the rule he/she broke in the class which has to be signed by the parents. The third time the teacher will talk to the parents and the fourth time the student goes to the office. (I did this in my class and it worked well).

8) Some additional group rules are added to the list as well. eg. Table Points/Group points. The groups are given points or they lose points depending on their behaviour, work etc.

Students Refelction:

After rules being set in the class, students take turn and read the rules aloud to the class along with the consequence they face on breaking a rule.

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Lesson PLan -2 (Social Skills)

Grade Level: Junior Learner

Time: 40 Minutes

Objective: To review the social skils of listening, respecting others' views, and communicating clearly

Modality: Auditory

Pattern: Whole Class

Materilas required: Students note books and pencils.

Lesson Activity:

1) All the students of the class sit in a cirle and two students are chosen as the leaders to conduct the discussion.

 

2) TRIBES rules are introduced (a) attentive listening (b) appreciation/no put downs (c) mutual respect, (d) and the right to pass. Every student is asked to keep these rules in mind during the discussion.

3) Brainstorming on the TRIBES rules is done like how the students could be good listeners and pay mutual respect to each other etc.

3) A controversial topic is given to the students for discussion like 'should there be a uniform in the school' or 'should the students be asked to stay back and work during the recess hours as a punishment/consequence'.

4) All the students give their view on that particular topic. They take turns, reflect their views and participate in an open discussion. The leaders participate as well as monitor the discussion.

5) After 20 minutes of discussion, students are asked individually by the teacher how this meeting could have been conducted better. When did they think they did not follow the rules and how did it affect the discussion. How is listening and giving respect to other person's view important? Even if a person doesn't agree to another person's view, what should be his reaction etc. They are asked how would they feel if they are not listened to and their view point is not respected.

Reflection:

1)Students write in their note books about the importance of listening and giving respect to other's viewpoint.

2)They also give one sentence explanations of the TRIBES rules.

Resources:

www.tribes.com

Creating the Dynamic Classroom Susan Schwartz and Mindy Pollishuke

http://home.att.net/~clnetwork/socialsk.htm

 

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Manoshi Chatterjee